护肤圣品燕窝的全方位了解
来源:    发布时间: 2018-07-25 14:37   33 次浏览   大小:  16px  14px  12px
燕窝,又称燕菜、燕根、燕室文字、燕盏、金丝等,它既是名贵的烹饪原料,又是营养价值极高的补品。燕窝即是指燕子的分泌出来的唾液,再混合其它物质(如羽毛,草枝)所筑成的巢穴。燕子中以金丝燕唾液的蛋白质纯度和营养价值为最高。

Bird'
燕窝,又称燕菜、燕根、燕室文字、燕盏、金丝等,它既是名贵的烹饪原料,又是营养价值极高的补品。燕窝即是指燕子的分泌出来的唾液,再混合其它物质(如羽毛,草枝)所筑成的巢穴。燕子中以金丝燕唾液的蛋白质纯度和营养价值为最高。
Bird's nest, also known as "swallow", "swallow root", "swallow room", "Yan" and "golden thread", is not only a valuable cooking material, but also a nutritional supplement. Bird's nest refers to the nest produced by the secretion of saliva from the swallow and mixed with other substances, such as feathers or grass branches. The purity and nutritive value of the protein in the swallow are the highest.
中国人食燕窝可追溯到唐朝,据悉唐代女皇帝武则天经常食用燕窝养颜,继后历宗元迄明清,燕窝入珍之风在上流社会间始终不绝,而正列宫延御膳,则由明代开始,当时东南亚附近之小国进贡天朝皇帝珍品,其中不乏极品顶级燕窝,顺理成章被誉为“贡燕”或“官燕”。明代李时珍所攒之[本草纲目]对燕窝已有较详细叙述:闽之远海近番处,有燕名金丝、蚕螺背上内有两肋如枫蚕丝,坚洁而白,食之可补虚损,已劳痢,故此燕食之内化肋子化,并津液呕出,结为小窝附石上,久之,与小雏鼓翼而飞,海人依时拾之,故曰:燕窝。
The Chinese bird's nest can be traced back to the Tang Dynasty. It is reported that Wu Zetian, the emperor of the Tang Dynasty, often used the bird's nest to nourish her face, then Li Zongyuan Qi Mingqing, and the wind of the bird's nest into the virgin society was never refused, but the Imperial Imperial meal was listed in the Ming Dynasty. At that time, a small country near Southeast Asia paid tribute to the emperor of heaven, among which there was no lack of the top. Grade bird's nest, a logical example, is known as "Gong Yan" or "official swallow". Li Shizhen's [Compendium of Materia Medica] in the Ming Dynasty had a detailed description of the bird's Nest: the near place in the sea of Fujian Province, with Yan name Jin silk, two ribs like maple silkworm silk on the back of the silkworm, strong and white in the back of the silkworm. And fly, the sea people in accordance with the time to pick up, said: the bird's nest.
原产地:燕窝的产地分布于东南亚地区,主要在泰国,越南、新加坡、马来西亚、缅甸及中国海南省一带。其中越南会安由于天气和环境适合燕子聚居,所以燕窝质素最佳。因为产量少,供不应求,所以价钱较贵。
Origin: Bird's nest is distributed in Southeast Asia, mainly in Thailand, Vietnam, Singapore, Malaysia, Burma and Hainan, China. The Vietnamese bird's nest is best because of the weather and environment suitable for swallows to live in. Because the output is small and the supply is in short supply, the price is more expensive.
因为燕窝产地不同,口感亦有异。洞燕以泰国、越南、马来西亚为主,入口会觉爽口及稍粗糙。不够软滑。印尼燕窝工以屋燕为主,相对较干净,浸炖时间较短。
Because the origin of the bird's nest is different, the taste is different.  Dong Yan is mainly located in Thailand, Vietnam and Malaysia. The entrance will feel refreshing and slightly rough. Not soft enough. The Indonesian bird's nest workers are mainly clean with house swallow, relatively clean, and stew for a short time.
燕窝的品种
A variety of bird's nest
金丝燕:最常见的燕盏是由金丝燕用口水直接筑成的。颜色主要分为白色、黄色、红色和灰色。红色燕盏俗称血燕,血燕的红色是因为燕子觅食时的食物含矿物质和铁质,因为环境潮湿氧化,所以变成红色。
Golden swallows: the most common type of calyx is directly constructed from the water of the swift. The colors are mainly white, yellow, red and gray. Red swallows are commonly called blood swallows. The red of blood swallows is due to the mineral and iron content of the swallow when they are foraging.
毛燕:毛燕是洞燕的一种,燕子用唾液加上自己大部分的毛来筑巢,外表差但并不代表质素差,颜色主要为白色和黄色,一般毛燕加工程序比较多,需要把雀巢打散,除去羽毛及杂质,再制成燕饼。虽然功效比不上金丝燕,但发头好。
Mao Yan: the swallow is a kind of cave swallow. The swallow uses its saliva to build nests with most of his hair. It is poor in appearance but does not represent poor quality. The color is mainly white and yellow. Generally, the process is much more. It needs to scatter Nestle, remove feathers and impurities, and make the swallow cake. Although the effect is not more than the Golden Swallow, but the hair is good.
草燕:草燕可分为屋草燕或洞草燕,他们多居住在沿海一带,尤其在印尼和菲律宾南部苏禄海一带。草燕顾名思义:燕子会用自已的唾液加上草来筑巢,所以燕窝外表会有一点点的草碎。
Cao Yan: Grass swallows can be divided into house grass grass or cave grass swallow, they live mostly in the coastal area, especially in Indonesia and southern Philippines Sulu Sea area. Grass swallow is just as its name implies: swallows will build their nests with their own saliva and grass, so there will be a bit of grass broken on the appearance of bird's nest.
燕窝制成品
Finished product of bird's nest
燕盏:工人从收割了的燕窝中挑选窝形或者船形的燕窝,再经小拔毛从便会售卖。燕窝是天然取出,故形状大小有别。它的营养、香味和发头都是最好的。众多产品中最干净,发头最好。如果燕子在燕屋横上筑巢,燕窝会成船形。如果燕子在墙角筑巢,燕窝会成三角形
Swan: workers choose bird's nest or boat shaped bird's nest from harvested bird's nest, and then sell it through small plucking. The bird's nest is taken out naturally, so the shape and size are different. Its nutrition, fragrance and hair are the best. Most of the products are the cleanest and the best. If the swallow builds nests on the swallow house, the bird's nest will become a boat shape. If the swallow builds nests in the corner, the bird's nest will become a triangle.
燕饼、燕球:工人收割时弄碎的燕窝,将燕窝压制成不同形状(菱形、球形、半月形、长方形等)通常干净、发头不错。
Swallow cake, swallow: the bird's nest broken when the worker is harvested, the bird's nest is pressed into different shapes (rhomboid, spherical, semilune, rectangle, etc.) usually clean and a good hair.
燕角:是燕盏两端较硬部份,亦是燕子唾液最浓的地方。需要较长的浸发时间(六至八小时),通常会把燕角剪出来与燕盏分开浸水,浸水前更会把燕角撕成片状,令它更易浸发。发头比燕盏更大,较爽口。
Yan Jiao: the hard part of both ends of the calyx is also the most concentrated saliva of swallows. It requires a long time of dipping (six to eight hours), which usually separates the swallows from the swallows, and will tear the horns into flakes before soaking, making it easier to dip. The hair is bigger and more refreshing than the calyx.
燕条:多属草燕类,在燕窝收割弄破的或从燕盏剪出来的条形燕窝。
Swallow sticks: many kinds of grass swallow, striped bird's nest cut from the bird's nest or cut from the calyx.
燕丝:是指燕盏内十分幼细一丝丝的囊丝。
Yan Si: it means that there are very fine silk threads in the calyx.
如何挑选优质的燕窝:
How to select high quality bird's Nest:
1、纤维愈密愈好:色泽通透带微黄,有光泽,且有燕窝的香味。燕窝上的纤维最好是一丝丝清楚可见,纹理清晰及粗幼不一,愈密愈好。菩窝内部之囊丝应杂乱及松散。
1. The denser the fiber, the better: the transparent color with yellowish, lustrous, and the smell of bird's nest. The best fiber on the bird's nest is a silk of clear visible texture and different thickness, the denser the better.  The inside of the Bodhisattva's nest should be messy and loose.
2、外形要完整、大片:顶级燕窝形状要完整、大片。如果燕子在燕屋燕子在燕屋横上筑巢,燕窝会成船形。如果燕子在墙角筑巢,燕窝会成三角形。内部丝丝分明。
2. Shape to be complete, large: top bird's nest shape to be complete, large. If the swallow nests on the side of the house, the bird's nest will be in the shape of a boat. If the swallow nests in the corner, the nest will be triangular. The inner silk is clear.
3、发大幅度:燕窝浸水之后,平均大三至五倍,而比较上等之燕窝如官燕等,甚至可以发大五至七倍。越南洞燕更大。
3, a large margin: Bird's nest after flooding, an average of three to five times, and the comparison of the best bird's nest, such as Guan Yan, and even can be five to seven times larger. Vietnam's cave swallow is bigger.
4、少量幼毛:燕窝浸发之后,会见到少量之幼毛,若发现无细毛或者极度其干净,有可能是经过人为漂洗。
4. A small number of young hairs: after the bird's nest is soaked, a small amount of young hairs can be seen. If there is no fine wool or extremely clean, it may be artificially rinsed.
5、味道带腥:天然的燕窝。会略带点腥味,湿水发之后,腥味更浓郁。而有些经过化学剂加工的燕窝,经浸炖后都会带有化学剂味道。要加们留意。
5, the taste with the fishy: the natural bird's nest. It will smell fishy, and the smell will be stronger after wet water. Some of the bird's nest processed by chemical agents will have chemical taste after soaking and stewing.  You need to pay attention to it.
6、溶于水中:纯正天然燕窝,炖过之后才会溶于水中,而绝对不会末炖便在浸水过程中溶掉。为方便运输,燕窝众印尼产地运来的时候会带有水份,要做成全干燕窝,必须底达才加以风干。市面上会有发现到有水份的燕窝,虽然有水份会带有重量,但忠实的商铺必会把价钱降低至该货品风干后的价值。
6, dissolve in water: pure natural bird's nest, after being stewed, it will be dissolved in water, but it will not be dissolved in the soaking process. In order to facilitate transportation, the bird's nest will bring water when it comes to the Indonesian origin. To make a dried bird's nest, it must be dried at the bottom. Water birds will be found on the market. Although the water will carry weight, the faithful shops will reduce the price to the value of the dried goods.
7、外表粗糙:若挑选全干燕窝盏,用手拿起会感觉到燕盏粗糙,而且特别干脆,会刮出声响,容易碎烂,而加工的燕窝于表面搽上物质,较为干身及厚身,但只是(皮干肉不干),不但很难折断,富弹性,浸出来的水份显得混浊,甚至出
7, rough appearance: if you choose the full dry bird's nest, you will feel the rough of the swallows by hand, and it is particularly crisp, it will blow out the sound, easily broken, and the processed bird's nest on the surface of the material, more dry body and thick body, but only (skin dry meat does not dry), not only very difficult to break, the rich elasticity, the soaked water appears turbid. And even out of it